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AIDIA JOURNAL 2007 vol.7, 1.Introduction

Architectural Furniture -furniture combining architectural functions

Toshihiko Suzuki

Room arrangement is generally possible in infill by the skeleton-infill, but not easy at present. We positions the infill as an immediate adaptive method to fit changes. To that end, something like furniture partitioning space, providing functions with the divided spaces, and being easy to move and change is necessary; stated differently, furniture combining architectural functions. We call such furniture “architectural furniture” and define how it should function. Some case studies show it is tested to verify.

1. Introduction
Recently, a concept of a method called skeleton-infill to extend building duration has received attention. This is the method to enhance architectural sustainability by dividing a building into two factors: the skeleton (an empty space without partitions and equipment) and infill (changeable equipment and partitions). Building duration is generally decided not on physical duration of structural skeleton but on when it cannot respond to its residents’ changes of family structure or life style. In fact, duration of an architecture would be longer if it can be adaptable such changes. The concept of the skeleton-infill which enables equipment having shorter duration than a building to be more renewable and inner room arrangement to be more changeable to respond to
changes in lives has been widely accepted from the above point of view.

However, infill which can change room arrangement is not easy to carry out and does not usually provide for enough changeability to respond to daily alternation of application thereof. Upon such problem consciousness, some case examples trying to solve those problems with “furniture combining architectural functions” which is like an intermediate between furniture and partitions or equipment have been carried out in order to deliver interior design of higher changeability.

For example, as shown in Fig.1 Baumhaus, Nobuaki Furuya and Studio NASCA proposed a mechanism, as a trial to
enhance sustainability of rented apartments which are expected to respond to various life styles, wherein architectural part is to be an empty space without partition like a skeleton, and interior provides furniture functioning as partition as well as closet which residents can arrange interior layout by deciding how the furniture is placed. We temporary call such the concept like an intermediate between infill and furniture “architectural furniture: furniture combining architectural functions”.
In this paper, we first survey some pieces of architectural furniture which have shown up in the interior history, and next define the position of the previous architectural furniture. Then, we specify 4 processes to generate the architectural furniture. Further, we summarize plans for architectural furniture and put one of the programs into a practice as a case study. Finally, we consider a new future image of architecture itself lead by such architectural furniture.



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